Port of Kong ,Iran

Historic Port of Kong with population of 19231 people (based on General Population and Housing Census development plan) is 165 km away from the west of Bandar Abbas (Hormuzgan Province), Iran, and located in the town of Bandar-e Lenge. It is a beautiful city with lofty palm trees which provide a joyous shadow for people under the burning hot sunlight of the south of Iran. The wind-catchers direct wind into the center of houses and white-colored exteriors of buildings with their delicate decorations shine under sunlight and between blue color of sea and sky. A significant number of these houses are still occupied by people and families living in them safe and secure. The winding alleys which offer random glimpses of sea to pedestrians and water ponds (water reservoirs) all over the city signify the water engineering technique used in the city. The image of the city, surrounded by blue water of the Persian Gulf and between blue sky and blue sea with wind-catchers, needle-like minarets, and palm trees all over the white appearance of the city signifies a permanent occurrence. However, all of these characteristics in the city make up a tiny portion of beauties of the mesmerizing port.

The city borders are not on the land as life of the city continues into the sea and urban life becomes meaningful by the presence of the sea. This is because sea is intertwined with people’s lives and rows of yellow and red fishing boats (lenj) arranged beside each other to distant horizon make up a smart contrast with blue background of the city. The boats are located between beach and the pier of the city and fabulous ebb and flows of Persian Gulf occurring few times a day offer a dynamic, novel image. In addition, sea and living with the sea have penetrated into the traditions, beliefs and customs of the inhabitants and essentially inspire them. On the other hand, oral history and the association of friends and relatives are not solely limited to Iran since talented seamen of the land have been able to explore the sea and going far beyond. In sunset when the sun sets behind the horizon of the Persian Gulf and intensity of sunlight abates major figures of the city meet at the Museum of Anthropology, a place created by their own contributions. They make up a group which receives guests warmly. Sitting with and talking to old captains whose minds are full of memories of long journeys to oceanic coasts from Mumbai to Zanzibar, North Africa and coast of Saudi Arabia and islands of Persian Gulf is a joyous experience. The knowledgeable seamen whom have lots to say about the sea navigation techniques and its customs and tools make up another aspect of the city and its people. Engagement in this meeting while smelling the odor of the sea and humidity of the south show a special characteristic of the city.

The historical heritage of Kong Port is both tangible and intangible and if managed properly, it would serve as identity-giving wealth and a capital for tourism. Customs and traditions, literature and music, type of clothes used by local people, experience of living with the sea, local foods, fishing boats resting on the sea and similar spectacles make up the intangible heritage of the city. In addition, physical structure of the urban fabric, perspective and skyline of the city are made up of location of wind-catchers, minarets and palm trees between blue sky and blue sea.

Historical elements of the city, some unique and some others typical, are historical water channels, historical houses, historical mosques, historical museums, cultural centers, Portuguese Castle, Kong Estuary, Circular Tower, Two-floors Mosque, Bum-e mesi Boat, and lenjsazi (Boat making plant).